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Retos de Europa frente al COVID-19: ¿Afianzamiento del Nacionalismo Euroescéptico? – Soydalaiurbina

Retos de Europa frente al COVID-19: ¿Afianzamiento del Nacionalismo Euroescéptico?

Escrito por: Leonardo Pereira – @leonardo2924

El impacto de la crisis mundial que ha provocado el COVID-19 empieza a generar debates sobre los posibles escenarios que enfrentará la política internacional post-pandemia, teniendo entre sus interrogantes las posibles transformaciones en los actuales modelos institucionales, económicos y políticos de la esfera internacional, los cuales se han visto ampliamente superados en la mayoría de los casos por la magnitud del fenómeno acontecido que ya se ha cobrado la vida de más de 430.000 personas, según cifras de la OMS.

Temas como la planificación económica en cuanto a salud, el desempleo, la seguridad social e incluso el manejo de la inmigración toman aún mayor importancia en el debate público, sobretodo en Europa, en donde las graves consecuencias de la pandemia se han visto intensificadas en países como España, Italia, Francia y el Reino Unido. Los Estados mencionados acumulan una gran cantidad de personas contagiadas y fallecidas a causa del virus, siendo evidente que a pesar de los esfuerzos gubernamentales por mantener el control de la situación, han sido superados y se han reflejado las falencias de cada uno de sus sistemas.

En medio de este hito, es necesario recordar apelando a la historia, las consecuencias que ha enfrentado Europa cuando en contextos de crisis las repuestas gubernamentales resultan siendo ineficaces, generando a partir del desespero y descontento popular el ascenso de movimientos de corte nacionalista, quienes apelando al sentido patriótico y proteccionista de la población, optan por resoluciones restrictivas a la vez que usan herramientas discursivas propias del poder para enfilar contra los elementos característicos de los periodos salientes y realzar antiguos tiempos gloriosos, partiendo de la idea de Hobsbawn de que “el pasado legitima”.

El panorama Europeo, que recientemente ha pasado por el “Brexit” marcando la separación del Reino Unido de la Unión Europea, se encuentra dividido entre el fortalecimiento de la integración para generar respuestas colectivas en contraposición de la postura euroescéptica y critica de los mecanismos de la unión para generar planes de rescate, los cuales según movimientos dentro de Italia y España han sido ineficaces y han abandonado a su suerte a estos países, principales afectados de la pandemia.

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Articulo completo disponible en https://www.descifrandolaguerra.es/retos-de-europa-frente-al-covid-19-afianzamiento-del-nacionalismo-euroesceptico/ publicado el 24 de junio de 2020.

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